What is the full form of OPD in Medical?
OPD full form is Out-Patient Department, which means that here the patient doesn’t get admitted to the hospital, and the treatment and diagnosis is provided by the doctor in a consultation room of the hospital or the clinic. For instance, if you are suffering from a cold or flu, you don’t get admitted to the hospital, instead you visit a general physician, who diagnoses you and usually prescribes medicines, and you are free to go home. Whereas IPD or In-Patient Department is where patients are admitted in the ward and treated as per their needs. Finally, we have the Emergency ward, which as the name suggests, patients who require urgent attention are treated. Emergency services are available 24/7 in hospitals while OPDs have a set timing that hospitals follow.
Difference between OPD (Outpatient Department) and IPD (Inpatient department)?
As mentioned earlier, OPD full form in the medical industry means Out-Patient Department while IPD means In-Patient Department. When it comes to OPD, as the abbreviation states, it caters to patients who are in need of a consultation or a diagnosis. Here, patients come to the doctor’s chambers, get the consultation they need and are free to go back home. In fact, Emergency Rooms and Ambulatory Care are also a part of the OPD.
IPD or In-Patient Department is where the patients stay after being admitted to the hospital. Therefore, inpatient wards generally require more care and the intensity of the treatment there is also high, such as post-surgery care, infection, and more. A patient is admitted to the hospital if he or she is suffering from a severe medical condition that requires overnight care.
What are the common healthcare services provided in OPD?
Now that we have already established OPD stands for Out-Patient Treatment, it is time to learn about the common healthcare services provided in OPD. Take a look.
Unknown Illness: If you have been suffering from symptoms but aren’t sure what it is you are going through; the first step is to visit an OPD. For instance, if you have been suffering from chest pain then you will first visit a cardiac OPD and then from there, the doctor will guide you accordingly.
Common Illness: Maybe it is cold or flu and even after a couple of days, the ailment has still not passed. Here, you visit a doctor in the OPD and she or he will prescribe the right medication to ensure you get better soon.
Regular Health Check-Up: In order to remain healthy, it is essential to opt for a regular health check-up every six months. For this, you visit a doctor in the OPD.
What are the common healthcare services provided in IPD?
The common healthcare services provided in IPD or In-Patient Department is;
ICU: ICU or Intensive Care Unit, which provides critical care to the patient is a part of IPD.
CCU: CCU or Cardiac Care Unit helps treat people with acute heart problems.
NICU/PICU: NICU offers critical care treatment to babies while PICU treatment young children.
Finally, operation theatre and ward rooms are also a part of IPD.